Passed three rounds of peer review, and now the GMO rat study must be addressed by lawmakers.
‘Significant biochemical disturbances and physiological failures’
The study examines the health effects on rats of eating Roundup-tolerant NK603 genetically modified (GM) maize (from 11% in the diet), cultivated with or without Roundup application, and Roundup alone (from 0.1 ppb of the full pesticide containing glyphosate and adjuvants) in drinking water. It found:
- “Biochemical analyses confirmed very significant chronic kidney deficiencies, for all treatments and both sexes; 76% of the altered parameters were kidney-related.
- “In treated males, liver congestions and necrosis were 2.5 to 5.5 times higher. Marked and severe nephropathies were also generally 1.3 to 2.3 times greater.
- “In females, all treatment groups showed a two- to threefold increase in mortality, and deaths were earlier.
- “This difference was also evident in three male groups fed with GM maize.
- “All results were hormone- and sex-dependent, and the pathological profiles were comparable.
- “Females developed large mammary tumors more frequently and before controls;
- “the pituitary was the second most disabled organ;
- “the sex hormonal balance was modified by consumption of GM maize and Roundup treatments.
- “Males presented up to four times more large palpable tumors starting 600 days earlier than in the control group, in which only one tumor was noted.
- “These results may be explained by not only the non-linear endocrine-disrupting effects of Roundup but also by the overexpression of the EPSPS transgene or other mutational effects in the GM maize and their metabolic consequences.
- “Our findings imply that long-term (2 year) feeding trials need to be conducted to thoroughly evaluate the safety of GM foods and pesticides in their full commercial formulations.”