Posts Tagged ‘lesson’

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Shane Hurlbut has put down his Canon 5d and picked up a BMC.  Here he offers good tips on testing out cameras and lighting to get a dialogue going with the cinematographer.  Good advice, videos and more.

Blackmagic Cinema Camera Tests

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AnimationNot a ‘Vine,’ but an animated .gif (similar)

 

VINE is a site with 6 second repeating video clips.  About 99.8% of them are terrible.  If you want to become part of the 0.2% then read on.  It’s not a detailed tutorial, however.  You’ll still need to experiment and learn photography.

Example (won’t embed here).

by Joe Giambrone

 

(Article is from May 2013, and newer camera models release constantly. The principles remain the same.)

So you’re confused by all the choices, and you don’t know what they really all entail?  Differences in cameras may not seem all that important, until you look carefully, as audiences tend to do when the image is thirty feet tall.

A Little How-To

Note: Images were grabbed from the net to illustrate the points in the text.  Don’t’ take them as the end-all.  As any cinematographer who cashes checks will likely say: “Test.”

Section One: People With Bucks

Okay film, glorious 35mm Kodak or Fuji filmstock.  Here’s why:

Inception used 35mm + 65mm Kodak Vision3 250D 5207, Vision3 500T 5219 INCEPTION

Promised Land used 35mm Fuji Super F-64D 8522, Eterna Vivid 250D 8546, Eterna Vivid 500T 8547promised-land06

The Wrestler used 16 mm Kodak Vision2 200T 7217, Vision3 500T 7219 the-wrestler-3

All-time favorite film stock
35 mm, Eastman EXR 500T 5298Eyes-Wide-Shut-1999-BluRay-720p

Rolling film is expensive, and sometimes the directing style dictates lots of footage, always running improvisation.  Digital can be more amenable to that situation.

Dynamic range is important for capturing smoothly rolled off highlights, before they overexpose to pure white.  This single factor is perhaps the most crucial ingredient for achieving a digital camera look that mimics real film.  Kodak Vision 3 is rated at 13 stops according to the company.  Every F stop of dynamic range doubles the amount of light captured.  Thus, a digital camera with more dynamic range requires a lot more data storage as well as a sensor that is capable of capturing such high contrast of light in the first place.

A unique characteristic of film is the grain structure in the crystals, which comprise the image.  This grain also helps soften the areas of pure whiteness that occur when a part of a negative is blown out to overexposure.  Grain adds a subtle texture to the frames as they flow by at 24 frames per second, which is often lacking in digital footage.  Grain is sometimes mimicked to make digital footage look more like film, but it seldom achieves the total look of actual film, which responds uniquely to light that hits the various layers of emulsion.  Grain can also be too heavy in the case of low-light or underexposed film.  For low-light night shooting, a digital camera with a more sensitive sensor may make more sense.

Film grain also changes depending upon the size of the negative, as an 8mm image blown up to the same size as a 35mm image would show magnified grains.  A happy medium is 16mm, with 4 times the resolution of 8mm.  Well shot 16mm film provides a medium level of grain to the image consistent with crime and grindhouse horror cinema.  For example, The Walking Dead series has been captured on 16mm Kodak film (7219).

Click and zoom in to see the grain BDDefinitionWalkingDead-1-1080

Top-Tier Digital Cinema Cameras

These can be rented by the day, week or longer.

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Bologna Central Station Bomb Attack 1980 (1)

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Former FBI translator Sibel Edmonds elaborates on the Turkish branch of NATO/CIA’s “stay behind armies” code named Gladio.  This little known history should be lesson number one on how the world actually works.  Operation Gladio in Europe was exposed by the Prime Minister of Italy for blowing up civilians, murdering them, in order to blame on communist cells, those “Red Factions.”

Sibel contends that the European operations of Gladio were shut down after Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti ‘s public exposure in October of 1990, but that Gladio in Turkey continued.  It continues to this day in Turkey and is aimed outward at the surrounding nations.  Note Syria, which was invaded by foreign Islamists hosted right on Turkey’s territory.  This relates to the wars in Kosovo, Bosnia and Chechnya too.  Anyone familiar with the latest Boston bombing case knows the name Chechnya.

This is An Extended History Lesson

 

Continued: Part II, Part III, Part IV, Part V, Part VI.

More info:

BBC: Operation Gladio, 1992

Turkey’s Killing Machine: The Contra-Guerrilla Force
By Serdar Celik

The Strategy of Tension
by Nafeez Ahmed

Terrorism in Western Europe: An Approach
to NATO’s Secret Stay-Behind Armies
by Daniele Ganser

NATO’s Secret Armies
Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe
By Ganser Daniele
Published December 22nd 2004 by Routledge – 336 pages

 

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